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Forms And Theories Of Government


There are many different forms of government many of which are found around the world. In America the most popular form of government is that which we have now and which we have enjoyed since our birth and that is a democracy. In a democracy every citizen is allowed a chance to speak and voice their opinions openly. A democracy is a system of government which is ruled by the people. It is considered an egalitarian form of government where citizens are responsible for determining the actions of the state, laws, and the public policy. Every citizen as an equal opportunity to share what they think.

The most common system around the world which is deemed democratic is that of a parliamentary democracy. In a parliamentary democracy voting for the public takes place in elections and be selections select politicians who then represent the public within a legislative assembly. In theory it was Aristotle who contrasted the rule of many with the rule of the few. Minimalism is a type of democracy where citizens give teams of their political leaders the ability to rule in periodic elections.

A direct democracy is another form of government which is based on the idea that citizens participate directly influencing their policies and their laws. In this type of government citizens do not create laws and policies through an elected representative but do it themselves. A deliberative democracy is one based on the idea that government should be governed by discussion. In this type of government everybody has an opportunity to share their thoughts with one another and this open form of debate and discussion is what helps to shape the laws. And of course a radical democracy is one based on the concept that within a society there exists oppressive power relations which must be stopped.

Of course the democracy is not the only theory of government. In autocracy is a form of government where one person holds unlimited power over the rest of the country. This is something seen in places such as Saudi Arabia where the single King has complete rule or something seen in other places where a single leader has complete control. A monarchy is a form of autocracy one that also applies to places where a royal family rules the government. Overall there are many forms of government each of which are best for different peoples and countries.

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