The Western Media made the term Arab Spring popular as they referred to the rebellions that occurred in the Arab countries in the early 2010s. The Arab countries that experienced rebellions include Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Syria and Bahrain.
In all these countries, the causes for the rebellions were quite similar and revolved around dissatisfaction with the governments’ rule at those times. This dissatisfaction was fuelled by huge differences in levels of income between different classes of people, violation of human rights, corruption among the political class, lack of employment and dictatorship from the administration.
The Arab Spring had also been preceded by numerous conflicts within the Arab countries. In Tunisia, the conflicts were in existence for three consecutive years prior to the spring. The most notable conflict in the three years was the series of protests that took many months in the year 2008. These protests happened in the Gafsa mining area. In Egypt, conflicts between the government and the labour movement had been happening since the year 2004. Of these conflicts, the labourers strike held in the year 2008 on the 6th of April was the greatest of them. The government used its forces to end the strike but a commission was formed out of the strike. This commission later led to the anti-Mubarak demonstrations.
The situation was the same in Algeria. As far as in the year 2008, Algerians had already started expressing their dissatisfaction with the government’s administration. Actually, the United States ambassador made this observation of social discontent and weekly food strikes. The year 2010 signified the pinnacle of the unrest. During this year close to 10,000 riots and unrests happened at different places of the country.
These conflicts signified the Arab Spring. In addition, governments in the affected countries tried to stop the conflicts by using force, which included killing the demonstrators and rioters. However, major events resulting from the demonstrations occurred in all the countries involved in the Arab Spring.
In Tunisia demonstrations led to an end of the ruling president, Zine Ben Ali on the 14th of January in the year 2011. Consequently, a coalition government was constituted in order to temporarily take charge. With the success achieved in Tunisia, Egypt also followed suit. Their riots and demonstrations led to the resignation of President Mubarak leaving the Egyptian Armed Forces in control of the government.
The Arab Spring demonstrated the power of citizens in any country. People involved in the demonstrations may not have had weapons but they were able to change leadership in their countries.
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